The "Special Equipment Safety Law of the People's Republic of China" (hereinafter referred to as the "Special Equipment Safety Law") was deliberated and approved at the third meeting of the Standing Committee of the Twelfth National People's Congress, and came into effect on January 1, 2014. This law became China's first law to make unified and comprehensive regulations on the safety management of various special equipment.
As the main special equipment, the promulgation of the "Special Equipment Safety Law" will bring about positive impacts on elevator safety supervision and the development of the elevator industry? How do elevator companies, industry experts, and government procurement officials view the introduction of the Special Equipment Safety Law? This ⎝⎛sag沙龙国际⎞⎠paper's elevator weekly will be analyzed and interpreted in two periods. With the increasingly serious elevator safety situation and frequent elevator accidents, the promulgation of the "Special Equipment Safety Law" is like a timely rain and has won praise from the elevator industry and the public.
"The" Special Equipment Safety Law "clearly clarifies the responsibilities of all parties, and clarifies the responsibilities. Whether it is an elevator manufacturer , a maintenance company or a user, it will increase the emphasis on elevator safety, which will also Promote the healthy development of the elevator industry. "Zhang Lexiang, Deputy Secretary-General of the China Elevator Industry Association, commented on the significance of the" Special Equipment Safety Law ".
Defining the subject of security responsibility to prevent "kick the ball":
The industry generally believes that the frequent occurrence of elevator safety accidents in the past two years is not unrelated to unclear responsibilities. After the accident, manufacturers, maintenance companies and other relevant responsible parties shirk their responsibilities and "kick the ball" from time to time. "This law is to strengthen the main responsibility of enterprises, increase penalties for illegal acts, urge production, operation, and use units and their responsible personnel to establish a sense of safety and effectively bear the responsibility of ensuring the safety of special equipment." Law of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress Wu Ke, deputy director of the working committee, said. Article 22 of the "Special Equipment Safety Law" clearly stipulates that the installation, transformation, and repair of elevators must be performed by the elevator manufacturing unit or by a unit authorized by it in accordance with this Law. If an elevator manufacturing unit entrusts other units to install, modify, or repair an elevator, it shall provide safety guidance and monitoring of its installation, modification, and repair, and perform verification and commissioning in accordance with the requirements of safety technical specifications. The elevator manufacturing unit is responsible for the safety performance of the elevator .
Multiple elevator safety accidents in recent years have shown that maintenance is essential to elevator safety. It is understood that in May, the elevator accident at Changhong Building in Luohu District, Shenzhen was caused by the maintenance personnel's illegal use of liquid lubricants, which caused the elevator's braking capacity to decrease. In response to similar problems, the state has also strictly enforced the qualification of elevator employees. The law clearly requires that elevator maintenance must be carried out by the elevator manufacturing unit or the installation, modification, and repair unit that has obtained a license in accordance with this law; the operators who undertake the maintenance must undergo professional training and obtain the qualifications of the operators; the maintenance process shall strictly implement safety technology Standardize requirements and implement on-site protection measures to ensure construction safety. In addition, after the elevator is put into use, the elevator manufacturing unit should track and understand the safe operation of the elevator, make suggestions for improvements in the maintenance and safe operation of the elevator maintenance unit or user unit, and provide necessary technology help. Aiming at the safety management of elevators in residential districts, the law also makes special provisions. If the owner entrusts the property service unit to manage the elevators in the residential area, the property service unit shall perform its safety management obligations in accordance with the law. In the event of an accident, if the property service unit has not fulfilled its safety management obligations, it shall assume corresponding responsibilities.
Focus on public place elevators:
Since the escalator safety accident at the Zoo Station of Beijing Metro Line 4 in 2011, elevator safety in public places has received much attention. After the accident, the Beijing Municipal Bureau of Quality Supervision requested that all newly installed elevators in subways, airports, railway stations and other public transportation places implement the manufacturer's life-long responsibility system, and the elevator manufacturer is responsible for equipment installation, transformation, repair and daily maintenance. Article 57 of the "Special Equipment Safety Law" stipulates that the department in charge of special equipment safety supervision and management shall, in accordance with the provisions of this Law, carry out supervision and inspection of special equipment production, operation and use units and inspection and testing institutions. The department in charge of special equipment safety supervision and management shall implement key safety supervision and inspection on special equipment in public places such as schools, kindergartens, hospitals, stations, passenger terminals, shopping malls, stadiums, exhibition halls, and parks with a large number of people.
Industry experts said that in some public places, there is a large number of people, elevators run more frequently, and the quality of elevator equipment is higher. Take Beijing as an example. During the summer season, the daily passenger capacity of the Beijing subway exceeds 10 million people. It has become the norm. As an essential vertical passenger transportation in the subway, ensuring the safety of the elevator is particularly important.