是以县、乡、村三级综治中心为指挥平台、以综治信息化为支撑、以网格化管理为基础、以公共安全视频监控联网应用为重点的“群众性治安防控工程”。 "Xueliang Project" is a " public security " with county, township, and village three-level comprehensive treatment centers as the command platform, comprehensive treatment information support, grid management as the basis, and public safety video monitoring and networking applications as the focus. Prevention and Control Engineering. "
The “Xueliang Project” brings together a large number of surveillance videos across the entire industry and society in the entire network, focusing on building a large-scale video service platform across the city, using portrait comparison, command dispatch, social situation analysis, group prevention and control, one-click alarm, Innovative technologies such as information release and mobile APP provide video applications for comprehensive governance, public security, government functional departments, and the corporate public.
At present, the Xueliang Project social resource access project is being launched nationwide, vigorously promoting the integration of local built standards and operating standards, and the integration of public safety video surveillance video resources with five-level networking in cities, districts, counties, streets / towns, communities / villages, and families. Engineering, based on the original video system for systematic and innovative applications, is an important supplementary extension of the professional network platform for public security.
是：把“雪亮工程”建设作为重要的公共安全、治安维稳、民生服务工程来抓，按照“全域覆盖、全网共享、全时可用、全程可控”的要求，统筹谋划、稳步推进，在围绕中心、服务大局，提高治安防控效能、保障人民安居乐业方面发挥了重要作用。 The national requirement is: to take the "Xueliang Project" as an important public safety, security and stability, and people's livelihood service project, and plan in accordance with the requirements of "universal coverage, network sharing, full-time availability, and full-process control". The promotion has played an important role in centering on the overall situation and serving the overall situation, improving the effectiveness of public security prevention and control, and ensuring people's livelihood.
In fact, according to the calculations of relevant agencies, as of now, the average investment of Sichuan Xueliang Project in each county is about 3.5 million yuan, and the average investment of each county in Shandong Province is about 3.64 million yuan. There are 2861 counties in the country, so it will take about 10 billion yuan to cover the "Xueliang Project" nationwide. This amount of money is obviously affordable by the government in terms of the social benefits it creates.
广州火车站是华南地区重要的铁路客运枢纽站，人流量巨大，广州火车站所处的广州市流花地区视频监控中心是广州市公安局警务运行的一个缩影。 Actual Case Guangzhou Railway Station is an important railway passenger terminal in South China with huge traffic. The Guangzhou Liuhua District Video Surveillance Center where Guangzhou Railway Station is located is a microcosm of the police operation of Guangzhou Public Security Bureau.
According to the person in charge of the Yuexiu Branch of the Guangzhou Public Security Bureau, Guangzhou has begun construction of public safety high-definition video surveillance in 2005. After two rounds of construction, 574,000 cameras have been built in the city, achieving major roads, key parts, key areas, and key points. Public areas such as venues are fully covered, and the scale and number of video constructions are among the highest in the country. In September 2016, Guangzhou, as the only megacity in the country, was recognized as a national "Xueliang Project" demonstration city by the Central Comprehensive Management Commission, the Ministry of Public Security, and the National Development and Reform Commission.
The “Video Cloud + Platform” deployed by Guangzhou Public Security Bureau in key areas such as Guangzhou Railway Station Metro Station and Xinshi Police Station, innovatively applies dynamic face matching technology, superimposes data such as license plate recognition, and associates video data with related data. To achieve a more comprehensive, timely and accurate grasp of the activities of relevant personnel within its jurisdiction.
According to statistics, in 2016, the city ’s public security organs used video to assist in the detection of 19,028 criminal cases, and the video detection rate jumped from 10.51% in 2011 to 70.96% in 2016. The video system plays an important role in improving the city ’s public security prevention and control level and enhancing the sense of security of the people effect.
In addition, the Guangzhou Municipal Public Security Bureau has completed the modeling of face photos including permanent population, floating population, fugitives, and criminals through the construction of a portrait sharing service platform, and equipped 222 police stations with special equipment for portrait collection. A number of themed face databases have been built, and a face recognition APP mobile police application has been developed to provide more convenient and flexible tools for community and street inspections. Vigorously promote the application of face recognition technology in public security prevention and control. For example, during the "two sessions" this year, the "verification of witnesses and tickets" (face, ID card, train ticket) verification and verification was carried out in Guangzhou Railway Station Plaza. More than 180,000 person-times were checked, 6 people were at large, and 737 illegal knives were seized, achieving good application results.
In the era of big data, Guangzhou Public Security has set up a complete work system including data collection, storage operations, and practical applications based on local conditions. In recent years, Guangzhou Public Security has established a city perception network, taking the establishment of a full-scale city perception system as the core of data collection, establishing a technology perception-based, and human perception as a complementary data perception system that fully utilizes advanced technologies such as high-definition video and the Internet of Things. , Build a data perception circle covering three different areas of the city's periphery, borders, and cores, and establish a comprehensive dynamic perception system.
On the data-aware system platform, you can directly see the dynamic Guangzhou. The platform can display a series of information such as people, cars, places (houses), residences, and transportation in Guangzhou. The platform can monitor the real population in Guangzhou in real time, including the number of permanent and temporary residents, and the regional distribution of the population; it can monitor the proportion of local and foreign vehicles among vehicles driving on regional roads in Guangzhou and the model of vehicles , Colors, and in-depth data analysis. The number and regional distribution of key public security places such as the tourism industry, Internet cafes, and easy-sale of stolen goods. From the perspective of "line", the platform can show the recent number of people entering and leaving the city by Guangzhou's railways and civil aviation. The person in charge said that next, Guangzhou Public Security will gradually shift from police application capability to police prediction capability.
Video surveillance traditionally belongs to the category of safe city construction. The Xueliang project has recently been upgraded to a national strategy, which has greatly increased the value of the security industry and promoted the construction of smart communities under the new smart city construction framework.
Currently, there are two technical routes:
The first is the route of the radio and television network. With the support of the broadcasting and television network and the use of the home TV window, everyone has realized the great leap of being a supervisor of social security. At the same time, it has given many smart city services a connotation.
The second is the line of the security industry. With the support of the communications operator's network and the accumulation of a large number of capabilities in the construction of a safe city, the construction of a smart community based on video access control is achieved. At the same time, many smart city services are connoted.
The difference between the two technical routes lies in the different pipelines and application scenarios. The end point is to provide better services for governments, enterprises and individuals.
So, is there a third route?
Yes, there are IoT smartphones.
A smart phone is a mobile surveillance camera, which can realize instant and instant response at any time, anywhere. The problem is that the current mobile communication network does not support long-term personal mobile phone video upload in a non-WiFi environment. Its application potential Need to dig deep.
At present, the most noteworthy thing is that the global deployment of the Internet of Things is rising on a large scale. Based on the rapid development of the NB-IOT chip, it is also an inevitable choice to be embedded in smart terminals and mobile phones in the future. Means, each mobile monitoring point becomes immutable and cannot be copied due to the application of the mobile Internet of Things.
Perhaps this vision will become a reality in the future 5G era.